Palos Heights (708) 361-7800 // Oak Lawn (708) 422-1500 // Orland Park (708) 349-9222

glaucoma laser treatment

Glaucoma Disease

Glaucoma is a disease that affects the optic nerve, the part of the eye which receives images collected by the retina and sends them to the brain. Every eye maintains a certain amount of internal pressure, called intraocular pressure. When this pressure rises to abnormal levels however, it can put extra stress on the optic nerve, causing significant damage. Optic nerve damage results in loss of vision, and ultimately blindness.

The front of the eye is constantly producing a fluid called aqueous humor. A healthy eye will continually produce small amounts of aqueous humor to ensure consistent pressure within the eye. When normal drainage becomes slowed or blocked, pressure increases, and may lead to glaucoma. There are several different types of glaucoma.

Chronic open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of the disease and usually develops with age. With this type of glaucoma, pressure gradually increases around the eye causing it to work less effectively over a period of time. There are no symptoms in the early stages of open-angle glaucoma. Peripheral vision is usually the first to deteriorate. As the disease becomes more advanced, blind spots begin to appear in one’s visual field. If left untreated, it eventually develops into blindness. The best way to avoid serious vision loss is early diagnosis and treatment. To make an appointment with any of our physicians, please call any Krates Eye Center location. Learn more about Glaucoma at www.GetEyeSmart.org »